The History of community begins with the first question i.e. what is the origin community “The most common answer and the one which is believed by most of the elders of the community is the the story published in Gazatter of Bombay Presidency published in 1899. Accordance to this story, the “Lohanas” a Hindu cast who lived in fourteen century in Sindh was coverted to Islam by Pir Yousufuddin Qadri, a disciple of Pir Abdul Qadir Shah Gilani of Baghdad.
The new converts were given who were weavers came along with Muhammad Bin Qasim in Sindh. They belonged to a tribe of Bano Tasmim and constituted the right wing of the army which is Arabic is known as “Mymenah” – the right wingers. They settled in Sindh and later on come to be known as Memons. If this theory is accepted , than the Memons were original Arabs. Later on these Memos migrated to Katch and Kathiawar due to various reasons.
The new Muslim Community was distinguished by great religious zeal and piety. The feature is even today characteristics of the Memon. The reputation for begin pious Muslims which has been attached to the Memon contributed greatly to their commercial success. When a Memon move to a a locality, his first action is building a Masjid . In Karachi alone you can find many Masjids carrying the name of Memon as prefix. The present population of Memon community according to a rough estimate is three million , 1500,000 in india , 1000,000 in pakistan and 500,000 in rest of the world including Africa, Europe, U.S.A. , Canada, Far East and Middle East
Most members of the Memon community in the Indo-Pak subcontinent lived in Sindh, Gujarat and Kathiawar. They were known as Sindhi Memon, Gujarati Memon and Kathiawari Memon, respectively. Those living in Kenya are known as Nasarpuria Memon.Memon community can be divided in three main groups. Those who traced their ancestors from Kutch region are identified as Kutchi Memon and they speak Kutchi dialects. Those who traced their ancestry to Kathiawar are identified as simply Memon or Kathiawadi Memons or Halai Memons and they speak the Memon language. Those Memon who remained in Sindh (their ancestor never migrated to neighboring regions such as Kutch and Kathiawar) are identified as Sindhi Memon and speak the Sindhi language. Many Memons, especially Kathiawadi Memons, further distinguished themselves into various sub-groups which generally refer to their ancestral villages or towns such as Kutyana Memons, originated from Kutyana in Junahgarh (now India). Bantva Memons, Jutpur Memons, Dhoraji Memons, Rajkot Memons with other 18 Jamaats are now collectively called Halari Memon which is the largest Jamaat of memons in Pakistan, Bombaywala Memon (whose ancestors used to live in the main city of Bombay and its suburbs) and Deeplai Memon. It is estimated that the number of Kathiawadi Memon, other than Kutchi and Sindhi Memon, worldwide are over one million.
All of these sub-groups or Jamaats have their central organization which are generally established for the social welfare of its members and development of the society which may include issuance of marriage license, matrimonial dispute resolution, adaptation and enforcement of the rules and guidelines against certain undesirable customs, establish healthcare and education centers, provides various facilities for the community need and also financial support and housing for the poor and needy members and sometime non-members.Some famous organizations, welfare associations or Jamaats of the Memon community which generally refer to their ancestral town are:
Amreli, Bantva, Bagasra, Bombay, Dhoraji, Deeplai, Gondal, Halari Memon, Jetpur, Jamnagar Memon Jamaat, Kutiyana, Kathiawar, Ladhubhai, Morbi-Tankara Memon Association also called M.T.M.A, Nasserpuria Memon, Jamaat - Kenya, Okhai, Porbandar, Rajkot, Sourashtra, Tharti, Upleta, Vanthli
But education is not the only field in which the Memons serves the community at large. They have established a number of hospitals and dispensaries . Some of them include
KUTYANA MEMON HOSPITAL
BANTVA MEMON KHIDMANT COMMITTEE HOSPITAL
BANTVA ANIS HOSPIT MEMON GENERAL HOSPITAL
USMAN MEMORIAL HOSPITAL
FATIMA BAI HOSPITAL
AZIZ TABBA IS DIALYSIS CENTER
AZIZ TABBA CARDIAC CENTER
THE FAMOUS MEMON CHARITABLE HOSPITAL OF HYDERABAD
Here I have named only the will known hospitals. In addition to these , there are scores of Dispensaries. At all these hospitals & dispensaries , the treatment is provided at nominal cost and even free to deserving cases. Mr Abdul Sattar Edhi has become an internationally recognized personality by his disaster relief work and running world’s largest Ambulance network.
Soon after migration . it established scores of educational institution in Karachi, Hydreabad & Sukkur, There were over 100 schools run by Memon community in Sindh before they were nationalized schools, including Memon educational board. Pakistan Memon Women educational society , jetpur & Kutiya Memon Association and many others. The Memon women society under the leadership of Hajiyani Khatija Bai – a semi literate lady from Bantva established a chain of girl school under the name of Rounak-e-Islam girl schools and Rounai-e-Islam girl College. The beauty about these schools is that they were and are open for all communities and charged nominal fees. In field of higher education , the Memons have established many institutions to name a few
DAWOOD ENGINGERRING COLLAGE
ADAMJEE SCINECE COLLAGE
ROUNAK –E- ISLAM GIRLS COLLAGE
USAMN INSTITUE OF COLLAGE
AYESHA BAWANY ACADEMY
SURAYA PAREKH COLLAGE OF LIBERAL ARTS
HUSSIN EBRAHIM JAMAL INSTITITUE OF CHEMISTRY UNIVERSITY OF KARACHI
AHMED BAWANY ACADEMY
DAWOOD PUBLIC SCHOOL
HASHMANI POST GRADUATE EYE INSTITIUTE
MEMON INSTITUE OF DATA PROCESSING
ADAMJEE INSTITIUTE OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY
Today Memons can boast of thousands of professional in law, medicine, professional accountancy, information technology, Engneering, Architecture and teaching. The Memon Professional Forum, the organizer of this conference is a a body of these professionals . Most of these professionals have excelled in their professions and are known through out the country. Many are practicing their professions and other are occupying senior position in business , industry and banking.
Mr Kassim Parekh now president of Metropolitan Bank was once Governor of State Bank of Pakistan. Dr Abdul Ghaffar Billoo was the dean of medicine in Karachi University, Dr A Majeed Memon was the principle of Dow Medical Collage, Mr Jan Muhammad Memon is the first vice Chancellor of Sindh’s first medical University. Many of our professionals brothers have served as judges or superior courts. Other occupied senior positions in Bar Associations, Income Tax Barr Association, institute of engineers and institute of Professionals Accountants , prominent among them are Mr Yousuf Adil, Mr Abdul Qadir Memon, Mr A Razzak Diwan and Abdul Waheed Tejani. Today the professional Institutions of Chartered Accountants and Cost Management Accountants of Pakistan are headed by Mr Pir Muhammad Kalia and Mr Ashraf Bawany. Mr Pir Muhammad Kalia is also president of institute of Corporate secretaries and South Asian Federation of Accountants. Mr Moin A. Fudda, a Memon professional is now heading overseas chamber of commerce
Td he first all Pakistan Memon Convention was held at Kuckry Ground on 29th August,1953 at night i.e.,on very next day of the foundation of the federation arount 15000 people participated in the convention including representative from the Memon Jamat of Karachi, Hyderabad, Sukkur and the towns of the interior of Sindh as well as delegated from different part of the east pakistan.
Mr Abdul Waheed Adamjee who was elected as the President of the Federation in the absence as he was abroad at that time and therefore, Mr Haji Umer Bandhani the Vice President took the chair as President of the convention.
The convention was inaugurated by Seth Hussain Qasim Dada , an elderly community leader. In his speech he identified the foundataion of of Memon Federation as a milestone in the Memon history . Other speakers who presented their views on the problems and resources of community were, Mr Haji Umer Bandhani, Mr Muhammad Ali Rangoonwala, Mr Suleman Adamjee, Mr Jan Muhammad Dawood, Mr Haji Abdul Shakoor Tumbi, Mr Umar Fazil Farooq, Mr M.A Sozer, Mr Kassim Usman Khandawala, Mr Rafique Hamadani, Mr Wali Muhammad Maskataya, Mr Ebrahim Dawood Gulzar from Hyderabad.